Normal Ranges of Joint Motion

Range of motion (ROM) is a measurement of movement around a joint. Measuring ROM is helpful to assess flexibility, ability to work and fitness. 

According to Kurz, the following tables indicates the normal ranges of joint motion for various parts of the body:

Neck
Flexion: 70-90 degrees

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Asbestos and Health

Asbestos

Asbestos is a group of minerals that generally look like separable, long, thin fibers. These fibers are small and can be seen with a microscope. When these fibers are disturbed, causing the fibers to float in the air, they can be easily breathed into the lungs.

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Caffeine for Shift Workers


For nurses, drivers and others working the night shift, a cup of caffeine may do more than help them stay awake. According to a new study by Cochrane researchers, it may also help them avoid mistakes and improve their job performance, say researchers. This could mean fewer job-related accidents and injuries, although studies have yet to prove this. 

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Preventing Occupational Asthma


Definition, and Frequency

"Occupational asthma is a disease characterised by variable air flow limitation and/or airway hyper-responsiveness due to causes and conditions attributable to a particular occupational environment and not to stimuli encountered outside the workplace" (Bernstein et al 1993). Within this definition two types of occupational asthma can be distinguished: 

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Benefits of workplace wellness

Workplace wellness programs are becoming more widespread in the industry and companies are more proficient in its use, best practice health promotion is becoming increasingly popular. This is also reinforced by the increase in the health care cost and the rise in the workers' compensation coverage.
These programs range from simply offering health awareness leaflets to workers, to subsidized healthy lunches, fitness training, and a company gym.

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Cost of Sickness Leave

Sickness leave is a benefit of an employee, which is granted for the recovery of an injury or sickness, and is in the form of paid leave. Since the nature of sickness is unpredictable, it is not possible to clearly define the level of sickness leave. An employee who is absent for three weeks following an operation would not be considered in the same way as someone who has had three days off for a fever.

It is essential to consider each case separately taking into account the particular circumstances. Maintaining good levels of attendance is essential in terms of efficiency in an organization. Good attendance contributes to the organisations ability to deliver a high quality service. Effective management of sickness leave can reduce absence levels to the mutual benefit of both individuals and the organization.

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