Common Occupatoinal Diseases


An occupational disease is any chronic ailment that occurs as a result of work or occupational activity. An occupational disease is typically identified when it is shown that it is more prevalent in a given body of workers than in the general population, or in other worker populations.

Eczema is the Most Common Occupational Disease,nearly 20 percent of all reported occupational diseases in the U.S. are eczema.

Contact dermatitis, eczema caused by direct contact with a chemical irritant, and allergic dermatitis, eczema caused by contact with an allergen, are the two most common types of eczema in the workplace.

The table below shows  the most common occupational disease.


Common Health Conditions Associated with Occupational Exposure



ConditionSelected exposuresSelected occupations

Musculoskeletal

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Repetition

Letter sorting


Vibration

Assembly work


Awkward postures

Computer work


Cold temperature

Food processing

De Quervain's tendinitis

Repetition

Meatpacking


High force

Manufacturing

Cervical strain

Static posture

Computer work

Thoracic outlet syndrome

Static posture, repetition

Assembly work

Respiratory

Interstitial fibrosis

Asbestos

Mining, construction trades, building maintenance


Silica

Mining, foundry work, sandblasting


Coal

Mining

Asthma

Animal products

Laboratory work


Plant products

Baking


Wood dust

Furniture making


Isocyanates

Plastics manufacturing


Metals (e.g., cobalt)

Hard metals manufacturing


Cutting oils

Machine operation


Irritants (e.g., sulfur dioxide)

Various occupations

Bronchitis

Acids

Plating


Smoke

Fire fighting


Nitrogen oxides

Welding

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

Moldy hay

Farming


Cutting oils

Machine operation

Upper airway irritation

Indoor air pollution (i.e., sick building syndrome)

Office work



Teaching

Neurologic

Chronic encephalopathy

Organic solvents

Painting, automobile body repair


Organophosphate pesticides

Pesticide application


Lead

Bridge work, painting, radiator repair, metal recycling

Peripheral polyneuropathy

Organophosphate pesticides

Pesticide application


Methyl butyl ketone

Fabric coating

Hearing loss

Noise

Many occupations

Infectious

Bloodborne infections

HIV, hepatitis B

Health care work, prison work

Airborne infections

Tuberculosis

Health care work, prison work

Infections transmitted fecally or orally

Hepatitis A

Health care work, animal care

Zoonoses

Lyme disease

Forestry and other outdoor work

Condition

Selected exposures

Selected occupations

Cancer

Lung

Asbestos

Construction trades


Chromium

Welding, plating


Coal tar, pitch

Steelworking

Liver

Vinyl chloride

Plastics manufacturing

Bladder

Benzidine

Plastics and chemical manufacturing

Skin

Contact dermatitis

Organic solvents

Many occupations


Nickel

Hairdressing


Latex

Health care work

Reproductive

Spontaneous abortion

Ethylene oxide

Sterilizing

Sperm abnormalities

Dibromochloropropane

Pesticide manufacturing

Birth defects

Ionizing radiation

Radiographic technicians

Developmental abnormalities

Lead

Bridge work, metal recycling

Cardiovascular

Coronary artery disease

Carbon monoxide

Working with combustion products


Stress

Machine-paced work

Gastrointestinal

Hepatitis

Polychlorinated biphenyls

Electrical equipment manufacturing and repair


Table from: www.aafp.org

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